In addition to 1 day's daily possession limit of fish, a person may possess an additional 2 daily possession limits of fish taken during previous fishing days provided that the additional limits of fish are processed (canned, cured by smoking or drying, or frozen). This provision does not apply to lake sturgeon or muskellunge.
Anglers who have not attained the age of 17 are entitled to the possession limit even though they do not have a fishing license. A person fishing waters bordered by other states or provinces AND possessing multiple fishing licenses may possess the limit for ONLY ONE license while in transit, but while fishing in Michigan waters, must comply with Michigan possession and size limits.
Fish taken must be hooked in the mouth. Fish not hooked in the mouth must be returned to the water immediately.
No more than 3 lines per person (including tip-ups) nor more than 6 hooks or lures may be used. All hooks attached to an artificial bait or "night crawler harness" are counted as 1 hook (note: for crappie/perch rigs and umbrella rigs each hook is counted as part of total allowed). Hooks must be baited or attached to an artificial bait. Any number of hooks may be used on 1 line for taking smelt in recognized smelt waters.
All tip-ups and other similar devices must be marked with the name and address of the owner in legible English, either directly on the object or securely fastened to it by a plate or tag. All lines must be under immediate control. Hook and size regulations exist on certain streams
Any fish and frogs may be used as bait when legally taken and possessed, EXCEPT lampreys, live carp, goldfish, or live gobies. Wigglers (mayfly nymphs) and other aquatic nymphs and larvae also may be used for bait, but may not be taken from any trout stream except for personal use on the same stream. Crayfish may be taken for bait and personal use (see below). See exceptions on the Michigan- Wisconsin Boundary Waters. To help reduce the spread of invasive species, anglers are reminded to properly dispose of all bait containers including worms and soil, crayfish and minnows in a trash receptacle.
Native crayfish may be harvested in all waters as long as the water body is open to fishing. In designated trout waters, crayfish may only be taken during the fishing season for trout. Anglers may use traps, nets, hook-and-line or hands to harvest crayfish. All crayfish traps must bear the owners name and address. There is no minimum size limit or possession limit. Crayfish species not native to Michigan waters, which include (but are not limited to) red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) and rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus), may not be used for bait, whether alive or dead, on any waters of this state whether those waters are public or private. Rusty crayfish may be harvested for consumptive purposes. Crayfish may not be possessed or used for bait, whether alive or dead, on Michigan-Wisconsin boundary waters.
Minnows for Personal Use: Minnows for personal use may only be taken with hook-and-line, seines, dip nets, hand nets and traps with a valid fishing license and may only be used in the waters where they are collected. In trout streams, minnows may only be taken during the open season for trout by hook-and-line or minnow traps. Minnows may not be taken from LEELANAU: Hatlem's Cr., LIVINGSTON and OAKLAND: Kent L. including the Huron R. upstream to the Hubbell Millpond Dam in Milford, OCEANA: Silver L. and all tributaries. Gear restrictions are as follows: seines must not be over 12 feet by 4 feet; hand nets not over 8 square feet and without sides or walls; and minnow traps not over 24" long. Minnow traps must bear the owners name and address. Cast nets may be used to take minnows, alewife, smelt and shad in the Great Lakes, L. St. Clair, and the Detroit R., St. Clair R., and St. Mary's R.
It Is Unlawful To:
The following restrictions apply for the species , seasons and waters listed in this regulation section:
The following inland waters are open to use of hand nets from March 1 - May 31 for Bowfin, Carp, Goldfish, Gizzard Shad, Longnose Gar, Smelt, and Suckers:
It shall be unlawful to take or attempt to take any species of fish with dip nets on the following named streams:
Species: Bowfin, Bullheads, Burbot, Carp, Catfish, Cisco, Drum, Gizzard Shad,Goldish, Grass Carp, Longnose Gar, Smelt, Suckers and Whitefish.
Species: Northern Pike & Muskellunge
* All Type A and D lakes are Designated Trout Waters. All Type 1 and 2 streams, Gear Restricted Streams, Research Areas, Brook Trout Restoration Areas, 10 Brook Trout Possession Limit waters, and nearly all Types 3 and 4 streams are Designated Trout Waters.
Spearing gear shall be limited to: hand-propelled spear, rubber-propelled spear, spring-propelled spear, bow and arrow, or crossbow.
Artificial lights may be used.
It shall be unlawful to use a rubber-propelled spear or a spring-propelled spear without being submerged and have the spear under control by means of an attached line not exceeding twenty feet in length. It is unlawful to spear any fish in a waterbody closed to fishing, except as noted in the spearing exceptions list. Unless noted otherwise, all general regulations apply for the species listed.
Anglers should contact local enforcement offices for information concerning local weapons ordinances banning the use of bow and arrow or crossbow in some locations.
It shall be unlawful to fish by any means other than hook-and-line for northern pike or muskellunge in the following waters:
It shall be unlawful to fish by any other means other than hook-and-line for muskellunge in the following waters: L. Erie, L. St. Clair, Detroit R., and St. Clair R.
It shall be unlawful to take or attempt to take any species of fish with spearing gear or gaff hook from April 1 – June 15 from the following waters of Cheboygan Co.: Black R., Cheboygan R., and Indian R.
Macomb, St. Clair & Wayne: A hand-propelled spear or bow and arrow or crossbow may be used to harvest yellow perch from Dec. 1 - March 15.
The following designated trout streams listed by county are open to the use of spearing gear from April 1 - May 31, for taking bowfin, bullheads, burbot, carp, catfish, cisco (lake herring), drum, longnose gar, gizzard shad, goldfish, grass carp, smelt, suckers and lake whitefish: